20th/21st Century

The Listener Historical Archive

This new digital collection from Gale offers researchers and students access to the complete, fully searchable facsimile archive of The Listener, the BBC periodical published from 1929-1991. The online archive consists of the complete 62 year run of the paper, allowing users to search across 140,000 pages - all newly digitised from originals in full colour.

The Picture Post Historical Archive, 1938-1957

The Picture Post Historical Archive comprises the complete archive of the Picture Post from its first issue in 1938 to its last in 1957, including almost 50,000 pages – all newly digitised from originals in full colour. Picture Post’s ground-breaking use of photo-journalism captured the imagination of the British people, becoming an essential window on the world before the advent of television.

TLS Historical Archive

Since its first issue, the TLS has attracted the contributions of the world’s most influential writers and critics of the 20th and 21st centuries, from T.S. Eliot and Virginia Woolf in the early 20th century to A.N. Wilson and Christopher Hitchens in the 1990s and 2000s.Now the complete run of the supplement from 1902-2005 is available online with the forthcoming release of The Times Literary Supplement Historical Archive 1902 – 2005. The TLS Historical Archive (formerly the TLS Centenary Archive) will enable users to full-text search every page of every issue of the TLS from 1902 to 2005, discovering a wealth of material in 300,000 reviews, letters, poems and articles.

Financial Times Historical Archive 1888-2008

The complete searchable facsimile run of the world’s most authoritative daily business newspaper is now online. Every item ever printed in the paper, from 1888 to 2008, can be searched and browsed article by article and page by page Every individual article, advertisement and market listing is included and shown individually and in the context of the full page and issue of the day. For this online archive every item has been subject or topic categorised to permit fast retrieval and review of relevant articles.

Illustrated London News Historical Archive 1842-2003

In the days before electronic media and popular travel, The Illustrated London News offered a view of the world that most of its readers could only otherwise imagine for themselves. With its debut in 1842, The Illustrated London News became the world’s first fully illustrated weekly newspaper, marking a revolution in journalism and news reporting. Today, Gale brings more than 150 years of social, cultural and political history to modern researchers in easy, convenient digital format.

The Economist Historical Archive, 1843-2007

The Economist Historical Archive, 1843-2007, brings you every page, every leader, all letters as well as all news articles and financial indicators for over 160 years. From world economy to world hunger, from Europe to the final frontier, and from politics to geography The Economist Historical Archive allows students and academics, librarians and the general public to explore world events, consider their impact and analyse the consequences. The Economist’s principles and methods remain just as relevant today and this unique database offers an essential research tool for all those studying business and economics, politics and international affairs, modern history and management sciences.


Answering the call within the academic community for smaller, more specialised collections of primary source material, Gale introduces Archives Unbound. This new online resource digitises the most popular microfilm collections from Gale and Primary Source Media and makes them available to scholars 24/7  Between 5,000 to 200,000 pages per title, these collections act as a a small adjunct to our large digital collections making them a very affordable option for libraries and departments.

Women, War and Society, 1914-1918

The First World War had a revolutionary and permanent impact on the personal, social and professional lives of all women. Their essential contribution to the war in Europe is fully documented in this definitive collection of primary source materials brought together in the Imperial War Museum, London. These unique documents - charity and international relief reports, pamphlets, photographs, press cuttings, magazines, posters, correspondence, minutes, records, diaries, memoranda, statistics, circulars, regulations and invitations - are published here for the first time in fully-searchable form, along with interpretative essays from leading scholars. Together these documents form an indispensable resource for the study of 20th-Century social, political, military and gender history.

Testaments to the Holocaust

This digital collection offers a detailed resource on the domestic policies of Nazi Germany, Jewish life in Germany from 1933 to after the war, propaganda, and life in the concentration camps. The collection offers fully searchable personal accounts of life in Nazi Germany, along with photographs, propaganda materials such as school text books, limited circulation publications and rare serials. It contains 1,200 Eyewitness accounts, 4,000 rare photographs, Nazi propaganda materials 1933-1945, limited-circulation publications and rare printed serials (1934-1965).

Conditions and Politics in Occupied Western Europe 1940-1945

This digital archive of intelligence reports received by the British Foreign Office from all European states under Nazi occupation during WWII delivers the complete record of political life in occupied Europe as it was known to the British Government at the time. It offers today’s scholars an authentic appreciation of what Britain knew about life under German occupation, and which formed the basis of the decisions taken about the military and propaganda conduct of the war effort. Wartime conditions in France, Italy, Belgium, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Netherlands, Luxembourg and the Vatican are found here, in addition to records from Spain and Germany itself.

Post-War Europe: Refugees, Exile and Resettlement, 1945-1950

This unique archive examines the situation and plight of survivors, both Jews and non-Jews, of the Holocaust and World War Two, and their first steps back into life and community. It is an invaluable source for teaching and learning in Jewish studies, German history, Holocaust and World War II studies, Displaced Persons (DPs) and Refugee studies, Genocide, and Peace studies.Themes covered in this new archive include refugee camps across Europe including England, Germany, Italy, Hungary and Yugoslavia; Displaced Persons’ Assembly Centre reports, Jewish Relief Unit field reports and British Military Government in Germany.

Northern Ireland: A Divided Community 1921-1972

An online fully text-searchable publication of the Cabinet Conclusions files from the Northern Ireland Government. This publication presents a full record of every cabinet meeting for the duration of the Stormont administration, the devolved government of Northern Ireland. Topics debated and reported in just one sample year of the Troubles (1970) include: policing, arms and explosives, social need, Prevention of Incitement to Religious Hatred, Army occupation of factories, road spiking, routing of Orange Order parades, dock strikes, law and order, riots and the roles of the Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) and the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC).

Arab-Israeli Relations 1917-1970: The Middle East Online Series One

No subject commands more interest in Middle East Studies than the Arab-Israeli conflict. No source has been more important to this study than the National Archives at Kew. The Archive includes original British government files, correspondence, diplomatic, consular, cabinet papers, conference reports, treaties,  declarations and arms deal reports in files from the War Office, Colonial Office, Foreign and Foreign and Commonwealth Offices. Primary source evidence of macro-level political and military relations with one of the world’s most volatile regions is here in full-text and fully-searchable form.

Iraq 1914-1974: The Middle East Online Series Two

Iraq 1914-1974 offers the widest range of original source material from the Foreign Office, Colonial Office, War Office and Cabinet Papers from the Anglo-Indian landing in Basra in 1914 through the British Mandate in Iraq of 1920-32 to the rise of Saddam Hussein in 1974. This archive contains over 133,000 pages documenting the politics, administration, wars and diplomacy in 20th century Iraq. Topics covered include: The Siege of Kut-al-Amara, The War in Mesapotamia and the capture of Baghdad in 1917, as well as the military coup of 1958 leading to the establishment of a republic, Soviet intervention in Iraq, the rise of Saddam Hussein, the USSR-Iraq Treaty of Friendship in 1972, and Iran-Iraq relations.

The Times Digital Archive, 1785-2006 NEW!

The new extended version of the archive — The Times Digital Archive, 1785-2006 — adds an additional 20 years to the original 1785-1985 edition, offering users an extra 795,000 new pages of invaluable content covering the tumultuous period at the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century. All in a new, intuitive user interface