The Archives




Nineteenth Century Collections Online
British Politics and Society

The first archive in Nineteenth Century Collections Online includes tens of thousands of historical primary sources relating to the social and  political climate in Great Britain during the “long” nineteenth century, and consists of more than 1.7 million pages. The collections are sourced from a variety of institutions, including the British Library and The National Archives, Kew.

With British Politics and Society, scholars can research and explore a range of primary sources covering such topics as British domestic and foreign policy, the working class, trade unions, Chartism, Owenism, public protest, radical movements, the cartographic record, political reform, education, family relationships, religion, and leisure.

Featured collections include:

• British Cabinet Papers, 1880-1916
• Civil Disturbance, Chartism and Riots in Nineteenth-Century England
• People’s History: Working Class Autobiographies
• Public Order, Discontent, and Protest in Nineteenth Century England, 1820-1850
• Radicalism, Anti-Radicalism and Reform in England, 1769-1861, Original Papers and Minute Books
• Radicals and Reformers in Britain: The Papers of John Cam Hobhouse, 1809-1865
• Rare Radical and Labour Periodicals of Great Britain
• Selected Papers of the Prime Ministers of Great Britain


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Nineteenth Century Collections Online

European Literature, 1790-1840: The Corvey Collection

This unique collection of monographs includes a wide range of Romantic literature published in English, French and German. Sourced from Castle Corvey  in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, the Corvey Collection is one of the most important collections of works from the period in existence. With a special focus on these rare works — especially difficult-to-find works by lesser-known women writers — more than 9,000 titles will be included, totaling approximately 5 million pages.

With the European Literature, 1790-1840: The Corvey Collection scholars can research and explore a range of topics, including Romantic literary genres; mutual influences of British, French and German Romanticism; literary culture; women writers of the period; the canon and Romantic aesthetics.

The Corvey Collection of European Literature includes:
• Novels and Gothic Novels
• Short Stories
• Belles-Lettres
• Short Prose Forms
• Dramatic Works
• Poetry
• Anthologies


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Read a description of the collection by Prof. Stephen C. Behrendt>>


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Nineteenth Century Collections Online

Asia and the West: Diplomacy and Cultural Exchange


Asia and the West: Diplomacy and Cultural Exchange will include a range of rare primary source collections totaling approximately 2 million pages, sourced from The National Archives, Kew, The National Archives, United States, and other collections.

With Asia and the West: Diplomacy and Cultural Exchange scholars can research and explore a range of primary sources covering such topics as British and U.S. foreign policy and diplomacy; Asian political, economic, and social affairs; the Philippine Insurrection, the Opium Wars, the Boxer Rebellion, and missionary activities in Asia.

Collections include:
• Dispatches from U.S. Consuls in Osaka and Hiogo (Kobe), Japan, 1868-1906
• Dispatches from U.S. Ministers to Korea, 1883-1905
• History of the Philippine Insurrection Against the United States, 1899-1903, and Documents Relating
to the War Department Project for Publishing of History, 1899-1903
• Notes from the Korean Legation in the United States to the Department of State, 1883-1906
• Missionary Files: Methodist Episcopal Church Missionary Correspondence, 1846-1912 (China, Japan, Korea)


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Nineteenth Century Collections Online

British Theatre, Music, and Literature: High and Popular Culture

British Theatre, Music, and Literature: High and Popular Culture will include a range of materials, including playbills, scripts, operas and scores, many of them never before filmed or made available electronically, totaling approximately 1 million pages.

This archive allows scholars to research and explore a range of primary sources covering such topics as Victorian popular culture, street literature, social history, music, bloods and penny dreadfuls, the history of the English stage, the Royal Literary Fund, and British dramatic works.

Collections include:
Archives of the Royal Literary Fund
Drury Lane Theatre Archive
Drury Lane Under Sheridan, 1776-1812: Manuscript Plays and Correspondence
King's Theatre Haymarket Archive
Lord Chamberlain's Plays
Oratorio Concert Programmes
Popular Literature in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Britain, Parts Three-Ten: The Barry Ono Collection of Bloods and Penny Dreadfuls
Royal Philharmonic Society Archive

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Nineteenth Century Collections Online

Europe and Africa: Commerce, Christianity, Civilization, and Conquest

The arrival of missionaries and explorers to the “Dark Continent” in the late 18th and early 19th centuries heralded the beginning of  Europe’s attempts to ‘Christianise’ Africa; to “commercialise” it as a source for raw materials; and to “civilise” it through waves of European settlers and the  establishment of European political institutions. Europe and Africa: Commerce, Christianity, Civilization, and Conquest provides 1.5 m pages of primary sources that enable researchers to examine the motivations, activities and results of the European conquest of Africa in the long 19th century.

Key topic areas include:

• Partition of Africa and British Imperial Policy
• The Anglo-Boer War, 1899-1902
• Jameson Raid
• Geopolitical rivalry between Britain, France and Germany
• Explorers use of rivers as highways to the interior of Africa
• Anglo-French relations and the Fashoda Incident
• The Witwatersrand Gold Mining Industry
• Miner-Farming Disputes in Zimbabwe
• Missionaries efforts to suppress the slave trade
• Origins of Corporate Capitalism in South Africa
• The Dream of an Afrikaner Utopia
• Classifying Race
• African response to Imperialism
• Colonial and Customary Law
• Chinese Emigration

The two key themes of this archive are:

• Exploration, military, and missionary activities
• Economic and political imperialism in Africa in the last quarter of the 19th century

These themes enable researchers to trace the development of missionary work and exploration in central and southern Africa. Monographs, manuscripts, and newspaper accounts cover issues of economics, world politics, and international relations; while government documents and political papers of prominent individuals provide a behind the scenes view of  the development of British, French, German and Italian expansionist strategies in Africa.

Collections include:

Annual Reports of French Colonial Governments, 1854-1922, Library of Congress
Annales de l'Extrême Orient et de l'Afrique, 1878-1891, Library of Congress
Deutsche Kolonialzeitung, 1884-1922, Library of Congress
Exploration and Colonization of Africa (CO 2 & CO 392), 1794-1844, The National Archives (Kew, United Kingdom)
International Population Census, Africa 1820-1931, U.S. Census Bureau Library
Joseph Chamberlain Papers Relating to Africa, 1893-1903,University of Birmingham
Selected Colonial Office Files on Africa, 1794-1919, The National Archives (Kew, United Kingdom)
Selected Maps & Plans (MFQ) Files on Africa, 1896-1904, The National Archives (Kew, United Kingdom)
Southern African Newspapers from the Library of Congress, 1845-1917

Source:
Documents were sourced from The National Archives (Kew, United Kingdom), The U.S. National Archives, University of Birmingham,  Library of Congress, and Divinity School Library, Yale University.

Advisory Board Contributors:

• Charles Reed, History Department, ECSU - http://ecsu.academia.edu/CharlesReed
• Richard N. Price, History Department, Univ of Maryland - http://www.history.umd.edu/Bio/price.html

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Nineteenth Century Collections Online

Photography: The World Through the Lens

The invention of photography represented a turning point in 19th century culture and visual experience. For the first time, the people, places and events that shaped history could be accurately captured. As a complement to studies of history, culture and media, Photography: The World Through the Lens provides the visual evidence to support and supplement written sources.

Photography: The World Through the Lens assembles collections of photographs, photograph albums, photographically-illustrated books and texts on the early history of photography from libraries and archives around the world.

Photography: The World Through the Lens delivers around 2 million photographs from Britain, Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas.

Collections include:

British Admiralty Office Photographs, 1850s-1920s, The National Archives (Kew, United Kingdom)
British Colonial Office: Photographic Collection, 1850s-1920s, The National Archives (Kew, United Kingdom)  
Early Rare Photographs from the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1840-1900  
The Hill and Adamson Albums: photographs by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson, 1843-1848, The National Portrait Gallery  
Nineteenth-Century Photographs from the Royal Archives, Windsor, 1845-1901  
Early Rare Photographic Books from the Northwestern Museum of Science and Industry Collection, Museum of Science and Industry  

Source:
Content was sourced from The National Archives, Kew, The British Library, Royal Collection, Victoria and Albert Museum, The National Portrait Gallery, Library of Congress, and other prestigious partners.

Advisory Board Contributor:

• Professor Elizabeth Edwards, De Montfort University, Research Professor in Photographic History and Director of Photographic History Research Centre - http://www.heranet.info/photoclec/professor-elizabeth-edwards

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Nineteenth Century Collections Online

Science, Technology and Medicine, 1780-1925

The long 19th century is an era characterised by industrial, technical and social revolution. With a changing society came new approaches to the study of natural history, physics, mathematics, medicine, and public health. With its wealth of curated primary sources – approx. 5 m pages – Science, Technology and Medicine, 1780-1925 enables researchers to trace the emergence and dissemination of scientific ideas during the long 19th century.

The interdisciplinary collection consists primarily of two components:

Journals track the connection between major episodes in the history of science, specifically in general science, medicine, biology, entomology, botany, chemistry, physics, mathematics, geology, paleontology, and technology.
Monographs in the hard and social sciences touch upon the history of anthropology, archeology, ecology, public health, sanitation, geography, oceanography, astronomy, industrial and battlefield technology, and the philosophy of science.

Researchers will be able to track debates within the journals and corresponding monograph publications. Particularly in the sciences, journal publications are often the key venue for new and original thinking.

Major topics covered in the development of science in this period include:

• Electricity and Physics
• The Darwinian Revolution and Global Reception of Evolution
• Civil Engineeering
• Medicine
• Mathematics

Collections include:

Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia: Minutes and Correspondence, Drexel University
• American Medical Journals, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health
Astronomy and Astrophysics, 1780-1925, Huntington Library
Civil Engineering, 1780-1925, Huntington Library
Colour Theory and Practice, Huntington Library
• Electricity and Electromagnetism, 1780-1925, Huntington Library
Evolution and the Origin of Species, 1780-1925, Huntington Library
• Mathematics, 1780-1925
, Huntington Library
• Scientific and Technical Periodicals from the Royal Society of London's Catalogue of Scientific Papers, 1800-1900, Drexel University

Source: Documents were sourced from the Huntington Library and other collections.

Advisory Board Contributor:

• Dan Lewis, Ph.D., Dibner Senior Curator of the History of Science & Technology, The Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens - http://www.cgu.edu/pages/8174.asp

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Nineteenth Century Collections Online

Women: Transnational Networks

As a resource for study of gender, societal rules and class – all key categories of research for the long 19th century – Women: Transnational Networks supports research in history, sociology, women’s studies, medicine and a host of other disciplines. The collection’s scope of content from worldwide sources gives this archive a truly international perspective.

Researchers and scholars will find rare content related to:

• Social reform movements and groups
• High and “low” culture
• Literature and the arts
• Immigration
• Daily life
• Religion

Collections include:

Britannia: Official Organ of the Women's Party, Library of Congress
British Birth Control Material at the British Library of Political and Economic Sciences: 1800-1947, London School of Economics and Political Science Library
Suffragist, 1913-1921, Library of Congress
Votes for Women, 1907-1918, Library of Congress

Source:
Documents were sourced from the British Library, Library of the Society of Friends, London School of Economics and Political Science Library, and many others.

Advisory Board Contributor:

•    Kathleen Banks Nutter, Archivist, Smith College - http://www.smith.edu/libraries/staff/kathleen-banks-nutter

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Further NCCO Archives for 2014 and 2015 will be defined in collaboration with NCCO customers and partner libraries.