Key Research Themes: Public Health, Conservation and Environmentalism

The rapid growth of cities and the spread of the railway network led to rising concerns in Punch over pollution, public health and conserving landscapes in the 19th century, to the environmentalism of the 1960s and 1970s.


1858 – The polluted River Thames
The "Silent Highway"-Man. "Your MONEY or your LIFE!"


1869 – Smoking
Sancta Nicotina Consolatrix. The Poor Man's Friend.

1937 – The conservation movement
The Preserved Amenity


















1956 Public health
"Do you feel any better since you gave up smoking?"