United Kingdom

Part II: The Tudors: Henry VIII to Elizabeth I, 1509 – 1603:
State Papers Foreign, Ireland, Scotland, Borders and Registers of the Privy Council

State Papers Online Part II enchants and educates with images, references, calendars, chronologies and biographies.”

Archana Venkatraman, IWR (Information World Review)

•  520,000 pages of manuscripts
•  212,405 fully searchable Calendar entries

International focus of the collection

Part II completes the State Papers of the Tudor period by reuniting the Foreign, Scotland, Borders and Ireland papers for the 16th century together with the Registers (‘Minutes’) of the Privy Council for the whole of the Tudor period. Part II opens up a window on the Tudor world beyond the borders of England, documenting Tudor England’s relations with its neighbours, both near and distant including those it sought to control (Scotland, Ireland and Wales), those it fought wars or maintained peace with in Europe (the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, France) and those it traded with (the Ottoman Empire, the Barbary coast and Russia). Part II’s comprehensive coverage of international diplomacy, colonial policy, commercial and maritime law, trade and industry and naval and military policy offers Early Modern historians key insights not only into the inner workings of the Tudor court but also into the courts of its foreign allies and enemies.

Owing to the international reach of  the State Papers, users will find hundreds, in some instances, thousands of documents partly or completely written in non-English languages including, but not limited to, Dutch, French, German, Italian and Spanish.

Key themes

• Mary, Queen of Scots: captivity, trial and execution
• French wars of Religion between Catholics and Huguenots (1562 – 98)
• 1541 Act raising Ireland into a Kingdom annexed to the Crown of England
• Henry VIII’s ‘rough wooing’ of Scotland
• England’s defeat of Philip II of Spain’s Grand Armada in 1588
• Beginning of 80-year war between Spain and the Netherlands in 1566
• England's relations with the Barbary States, Denmark, Flanders, France, Genoa, Holy Roman Empire, German States, Hamburg and Hanse Towns, Holland and Flanders, the Italian States and Rome, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Savoy and Sardinia, Sicily and Naples, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Tuscany and Venice
• Letters to and from the English agents in Scotland: the ambassadors Randolphe, Killigrew and the two Bowes, and the secretarial assistant Nicolson
• Extents and valors of the possessions of dissolved religious houses in Ireland, and those attainted of high treason, including Gerald, Earl of Kildare (1540 – 1583)

Source libraries and collections

The National Archives, London: SP 46, 49, 50-53, 59-63,65, 66, 68-71, 75, 77-85, 88, 89, 91, 92, 94 - 99, 101-106, 108, and PC 2 British Library: Selected documents from the Cotton, Harley and Yelverton Collections


Click here to download the factsheet

Click here for IWR review

Click here for a detailed content description