NewsVault Special Collection: The First World War

August 2014 sees the world mark the 100th anniversary of the outbreak of the First World War. To recognise this pivotal event in history we have hand-picked a selection of papers from Gale NewsVault and made them freely available for a limited time.

Search ‘Great War’ in entire document, after 1913 = 82,112 results
Search ‘Great War’ as a keyword, AFTER 1913 = 12,824 results

Note that the First World War was not known as such until after 1939. Up to that point it was only known as the ‘Great War’ or ‘World War’. It is therefore recommended that users conducting generic searches on the First World War use ‘Great War’ as their search term as this will produce the most reliable results for articles written during and just after its occurrence.

Prelude to the War

The Western Front

Keeping the German Army at Bay

Germany’s Advance

America Joins the War

End of the War

Summarising the War






Prelude to the War

Search ‘Franz Ferdinand’ as a keyword, AFTER 1913 = 300 results
Title: AUSTRIAN HEIR AND HIS WIFE ASSASSINATED
Details: Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser; June 29, 1914; pg. 7

Title: ASSASSINATED
Details: Devon and Exeter Daily Gazette; June 29, 1914; pg. 6

Title: THE MURDERED ARCHDUKE
Details: Daily Mail; July 03, 1914; pg. 10


                                 “A Cautionary Tale: Ludwig on War-Guilt”; Illustrated London News; November 02, 1929; pg. 773

Search ‘Ultimatum’ AND ‘Austria’ as keywords, AFTER 1913 = 62 results
Title: VERGE OF WAR
Details: Daily Mail; July 25, 1914; pg. 6

Title: SERVIAN REPLY UNSATISFACTORY
Details: The Sunday Times; July 26, 1914; pg. 11

Title: GENERALLY DEMORALISED
Details: The Financial Times; July 27, 1914; pg. 1
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The Western Front

Search ‘Britain’ as a keyword AND ‘Declaration of War’ in entire document, AFTER 1913 = 573 results
Title: WHEN BRITAIN WILL STRIKE
Details: Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser; August 04, 1914; pg. 7

Title: BRITAIN’S RESOLVE
Details: The Western Times; August 04, 1914; pg. 8

Title: BRITAIN TO TAKE PART IN THE STRUGGLE
Details: The Financial Times; August 05, 1914; pg. 3

Title: BRITAIN’S STRENUOUS STAND
Details: Daily Mail; August 07, 1914; pg. 1

Search ‘American Neutrality’ as a keyword, AFTER 1913 = 149 results
Title: AMERICAN NEUTRALITY
Details: The Financial Times; September 08, 1914; pg. 3

Title: PEACE BLUFF STOPPED
Details: Daily Mail; September 19, 1914; pg. 4

Title: AMERICAN NEUTRALITY
Details: The Times; December 10, 1914; pg. 7

Search ‘Christmas Truce’ as a keyword, BETWEEN 01 December 1914 AND 01 February 1915 = 21 results
Title: LETTERS FROM THE FRONT
Details: The Times; January 01, 1915; pg. 3

Title: BRITISH AND GERMAN SOLDIERS ARM-IN-ARM AND EXCHANGING HEADGEAR: A CHRISTMAS TRUCE BETWEEN OPPOSING TRENCHES
Details: Illustrated London News; January 09, 1915; pg. 50-51

Title: THE CHRISTMAS TRUCE
Details: The Times; January 07, 1915; pg. 7

Search ‘Trench warfare’ as a keyword = 332 results
Title: INVISIBLE ARMIES
Details: The Times; December 06, 1914; pg. 3

 
                                          “Making a dry spot from to shoot: pumping the water out of a British Trench.”
          ‘Trench Warfare: Water; a Breached Wall; a Truce; and Mud’; Illustrated London News; February 20, 1915; pg. 236

Title: SURPRISES IN TRENCH WARFARE
Details: Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser; February 25, 1915; pg. 6

Search ‘Royal Family’ AND ‘Windsor’ as keywords, AFTER 1 July 1917 = 7,923 results
Title: THE KING’S FAMILY NAME
Details: Daily Mail; July 18, 1917; pg. 3

Title: THE HOUSE AND FAMILY OF WINDSOR
Details: The Times; July 18, 1917; pg. 7


                                  'Arts and Popular Culture'; Devon and Exeter Daily Gazette; July 20, 1917; pg. 3

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Keeping the German Army at Bay

Search ‘Defence of the Realm Act’ as a keyword = 617 results
Title: OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC SAFETY
Details: The Times; December 01, 1914; pg. 3

Title: CHARGE OF SPYING ON TROOPS
Details: Daily Mail; January 11, 1915; pg. 3

Title: PROSECUTION OF ‘THE TIMES’
Details: The Times; June 01, 1915; pg. 4

Title: THE SUPPRESSION OF CIVIL AND PERSONAL LIBERTY
Details: The Economist; January 29, 1916; pg. 180

Search ‘Coalition Government’ AND ‘War’ as keywords, AFTER 1914 = 159 results

Title: PROTECTED COALITION GOVERNMENT
Details: The North Devon Journal; May 20, 1915; pg. 5

Title: THE COALITION GOVERNMENT AND THE PROGRESS OF THE WAR
Details: The Economist; May 29, 1915; pg. 1110

Title: REDMOND ON THE COALITION
Details: Daily Mail; July 02, 1915; pg. 4

Search ‘Marne’ AND ‘Battle’ as keywords, BETWEEN 05 September 1914 AND 01 October 1914 = 26 results

Title: GERMANS RETIRING RAPIDLY IN SOME DISORDER
Details: The Financial Times; September 12, 1914; pg. 3

Title: BATTLE OF MARNE
Details: The Times; September 12, 1914; pg. 8

Title: TWO GERMAN ARMIES IN RETREAT
Details: Daily Mail; G. War Price; September 12, 1914; pg. 5

Search ‘Dogger Bank’ AND ‘Battle’ in entire document, AFTER 1 January 1915 = 630 results

Title: NAVAL ACTION
Details: The Western Times; January 26, 1915; pg. 6

Title: EX-NAVY MAN’S GRAPHIC STORY
Details: The Tamworth Herald; January 30, 1915; pg. 6

Title: EXCLUSIVE TO “THE ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS” A REMARKABLE DOGGER BANK BATTLE PHOTOGRAPH
Details: Illustrated London News; March 13, 1915; pg. 326-327

Search ‘Battle of Verdun’ as a keyword = 435 results
Title: FIERCE ATTEMPT ON VERDUN
Details: Daily Mail; February 23, 1916; pg. 6

Title: GERMAN BID FOR VERDUN
Details: The Times; February 24, 1916; pg. 8

Title: VERDUN BATTLE
Details: The Sunday Times; February 27, 1916; pg. 9


 
‘The Great Battle of Verdun: Phases of a Titanic “War within a War”’;  Illustrated London News; March 18, 1916; pg. 362-363

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Germany's Advance

Due to the Defence of the Realm Act, the British press was put under censorship and was not allowed to report on anything that would cause national distress during the war. Any battles that were lost on the side of the allies were simply not covered. For this reason there is limited information on how the war fared for the Triple Alliance.

Search ‘Battle of Mons’ as a keyword, after 1 August 1914 = 109 results
Title: BATTLE OF MONS
Details: Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser; August 28, 1914; pg. 5

Title: AT THE BATTLE OF MONS
Details: The Times; August 29, 1914; pg. 7

Title: MONS BATTLE
Details: The Sunday Times; August 30, 1914; pg. 5

Search ‘Gallipoli Campaign’ as a keyword, AFTER 1914 = 137 results

Title: BRITISH AIRMEN IN GALLIPOLI
Details: The Times; September 17, 1915; pg. 7

Title: THE GALLIPOLI CAMPAIGN
Details: The Times; Ian Hamilton; September 21, 1915; pg. 9

Title: WINTER IN GALLIPOLI
Details: The Cornishman; January 27, 1916


             “Firing across Gallipoli Peninsula:Attacking the Narrows”;Illustrated London News; March 13, 1915; pg. 323


Search ‘Spring Offensive’ as a keyword, AFTER 1917 = 308 results

Title: CADORNA’S OFFENSIVE LAST SPRING
Details: The Times; February 11, 1918; pg. 5

Title: THE TWO HAMMERS IN THE WEST
Details: The Times; May 28, 1918; pg. 5

Title: TANK FIGHTS TANK
Details: Daily Mail; November 02, 1918; pg. 2
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America Joins the War

Search ‘Submarine Warfare’ as a keyword = 361 results
Title: MORE BRITISH SHIPS TORPEDOED
Details: The Financial Times; February 25, 1915; pg. 3

Title: “OUR SUBMARINE WARFARE WILL CONTINUE”
Details: Frederic William Wile; Daily Mail; May 14, 1915; pg. 7

Title: GERMANY’S SUBMARINE CRIMES
Details: The Times; June 29, 1915; pg. 7

Title: GERMAN-AMERICAN DEADLOCK
Details: Daily Mail; July 07, 1915; pg. 5

The formidable naval forces of the United States now on war service: a portion of the American Atlantic Fleet lying at anchor.
"We Are Rapidly Putting Our Navy upon an Effective War Footing": A Great American War Asset.
Illustrated London News; May 19, 1917; pg. 586-587

Search ‘United States’ AND ‘Declaration of War’ as keywords, AFTER 1916 = 81 results
Title: MR. WILSON FOR WAR
Details: The Times; April 03, 1917; pg. 7

Title: THE UNITED STATES AT WAR
Details: The Times; April 07, 1917; pg. 7

Title: MR. WILSON SIGNS WAR DECLARATION
Details: Daily Mail; W. F. Bullock; April 07, 1917; pg. 3

“The US Congress in session–of interest to-day is this picture of President Wilson’s last important speech to Congress,
           made after Germany’s decision to wage ruthless submarine warfare. 
Yesterday the eyes of the world were on this
                                           Council Chamber.
President Wilson is indicated by an arrow.”
                                                         “Picture Gallery”;
Daily Mail; April 04, 1917; Issue 6553.

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End of the War

Search ‘Kaiser’ AND ‘abdicate’ as keywords = 33 results
Title: PRINCE MAX RESIGNS
Details: Daily Mail; Charles Tower; November 09, 1918; pg. 3

Title: KAISER ABDICATES
Details: The Sunday Times; November 10, 1918; pg. 7

Title: KAISER ABDICATES
Details: The Financial Times; November 11, 1918; pg. 3

Title: KAISER A FUGITIVE
Details: Daily Mail; November 11, 1918; pg. 2

“The Ex-Kaiser Bearded: A Remarkable Untouched Photograph of the Ex-German Emperor in the Grounds of Amerongen Castle.” Illustrated London News; October 18, 1919; pg. 577 

Search ‘Armistice’ as a keyword, ON 11 November 1918 = 21 results
Title: WAITING FOR THE ARMISTICE
Details: The Western Times; November 11, 1918; pg. 4

Title: ARMISTICE YET UNSIGNED
Details: The Times; November 11, 1918; pg. 8

Title: A SUPREME MOMENT
Details: Daily Mail; November 11, 1918; pg. 2

Search ‘Treaty of Versailles’ as a keyword, AFTER 1918 = 912 results
Title: THE TREATY OF PEACE
Details: The Economist; May 10, 1919; pg. 767

Title: PEACE AT LAST!
Details: The Financial Times; June 30, 1919; pg. 4

Title: HOW THE PEACE TREATY WAS SIGNED AT VERSAILLES
Details: Daily Mail; June 30, 1919; pg. 1



 
“Signing the Peace Treaty: The Historic Scene at Versailles on June 28, 1919”; Illustrated London News; July 05, 1919; pg. 203



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Summarising the War

Search 'Diary of the war' as a keyword, between 1914 and 1918 = 195 results



'Diary of the War'; The Times; November 12, 1918; pg. 4


Search 'Triumph of Secrecy' in entire document = 12 results



                                                      'Ten Years Ago'; The Times; August 23,1924; pg.13

Search 'First World War' AND 'History' as keywords, AFTER 1950 = 284 results

 
                                 “Eighty years have not tamed Verdun killing fields”  Ben MacIntyre; The Times March 22, 1997; pg. 19

Search 'World War' as a keyword AND 'War Losses' in entire document, AFTER 1918 = 630 results



                                          'War Losses'; Devon and Exeter Daily Gazette; March 04, 1919; pg. 6

Search 'Germany' AND 'Prosecute' in entire document, AFTER 1918 = 1,268 results


'What "the Daily Mail" Did'; Daily Mail; Lovat Fraser; June 30, 1919; pg. 4



The Daily Mail prided itself on its involvement in the war, from being the first paper to publicly propose the organisation of a Ministry of Munitions to the campaign to arm merchant ships against submarine warfare, “Arm All Merchantmen! To Meet Germany’s Giant Submarines.” It has claimed to be the ‘paper that foretold the war’ and that ‘the story speaks for itself. Is there any other newspaper which has ever crowded so much of actual definite accomplishment into a period of five years?’.
                                                                                                                            
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